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Bahrain Center for Human Rights


Defending and promoting human rights in Bahrain

The Bahrain Center for Human Rights (BCHR) is a non-profit, non-governmental organization, registered with the Bahraini Ministry of Labor and Social Services since July 2002. Despite an order by the authorities in November 2004 to close, the BCHR is still functioning after gaining a wide local and international support for its struggle to promote human rights in Bahrain.

Our vision is a prosperous democratic country free of discrimination and other violations of human rights.

Our Mission

To encourage and support individuals and groups to be proactive in the protection of their own and others' rights; and to struggle to promote democracy and human rights in accordance with international norms. To document and report on human rights violations in Bahrain. To use this documentation for advocacy to influence international policies according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Our Values

The Bahrain Centre for Human Rights (BCHR) has a responsibility and commitment to defend people whose rights are violated. We aim to inspire hope and raise awareness to get people involved in documenting and reporting on human rights violations, and to stand up for their rights. We believe all people are equal and deserve our attention, regardless of their gender, sect, affiliation, identity or origins. It is important for BCHR to retain trust and credibility from all concerned. We promote the peaceful exercise of human rights and non-violent dissent.


  • - Promoting freedoms and basic rights (Civil, Political and Economic)
  • - Combating racial, gender and religious discrimination
  • - Providing support and protection to victims of human rights abuses and the vulnerable
  • - Engaging in local and international advocacy in support of human rights
  • - Enhancing the skills of human rights defenders through human rights education or training

Structure and Funding

The 26-founding members include prominent doctors, lawyers, journalists, and NGO leaders, men and women. The vast majority of our operations are carried out in Bahrain, while a small 'office in exile', founded in 2011, is maintained in Copenhagen, Denmark, to coordinate our international advocacy program. The BCHR currently receives a small amount of funding from the Sigrid Rausing Trust - a non-political charity based in the UK, dedicated to defending and promoting human rights - and the Bertha Foundation. Our staff is employed almost entirely on a voluntary basis. The current President is Nabeel Rajab, who had served a two year prison sentence for charges related to freedom of expression; and was released on 24 May 2014. Rajab was sentenced to six months in prison for tweeting, upheld on appeal in 2015, and later freed in July 2015. He was re-arrested on 13 June 2016 for "spreading false news and rumours about the internal situation in a bid to discredit Bahrain". His trial was postponed three times and is now scheduled for 31 October 2016 where he is facing up to 15 years of prison if convicted. Vice-President S. Yousif Al-Muhafdah is currently exiled in Germany. Most of the staff inside Bahrain remain anonymous, including a second Vice-President and the Documentation Team. Much of BCHR's work is carried out on a voluntary basis. To read more about the BCHR's Registration and Board of Directors click here.

The BCHR receives small amounts of funding from the Sigrid Rausing Trust, the Bertha Foundation, Norwegian Human Rights Fund, Hivos, Action Aid, the Rafto Foundation for Human Rights and the National Endowment for Democracy, as well as small grants from partners for advocacy efforts.


For more than fourteen years, the BCHR has carried out many projects, including advocacy, training, workshops, seminars, media campaigns and reporting to UN mechanisms and international NGOs. The BCHR has also participated in many regional an international conferences and workshops in addition to testifying in national parliaments across Europe, the EU parliament, and the United States Congress.

Advisory Board

Sh Maytham Al-Salman, Bahraini human rights expert

Maytham Al Salman is the founding member and current coordinator of the Middle East and North Africa Civil Society Coalition to Counter Incitement to Hatred; a multi-stakeholder platform, established in April 2015, that is dedicated to ending incitement to violence, hostility, and discrimination. The Coalition monitors, analyses and reports on incitement speech across the region, and promotes interventions to counter such incitement.

Maytham is the director of Bahrain Inter-Faith, a non-profit organization seeking to prevent religious and social discrimination and sectarianism, and working to encourage and support interfaith dialogue.

Maytham serves on a committee of the United Nations Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect, advising the Office on the role of religious leaders in preventing incitement that could lead to atrocity crimes. He is also an expert associated with Columbia University Global Freedom of Expression, an initiative established by Columbia University President and first amendment scholar Lee Bollinger, to explore, and promote global norms on the protection of freedom of expression.

Above all, Sheikh Maytham is an advocate for equal rights, tolerance and the end of discrimination, including in his own country of Bahrain. In 2011, in punishment for his advocacy, he was arrested, detained for several months and was tortured as were a number of other human rights defenders, some of whom are still in prison.

Fadi Al-Qadi, MENA human rights expert

Fadi Al-Qadi is seasoned human rights, civil society and media expert. He worked and served with several international human rights and humanitarian organizations including Human Rights Watch, which he headed its communication and advocacy work throughout the MENA region and acted as its Spokesman between late 2004 and end of 2007; 2010 and finally between 2014-2015. He also served with International Center for Transitional Justice and Medecins Sans Frontieres among other groups. In late 90’s Al-Qadi managed media development programs in Jordan, the West Bank and Gaza and Egypt. Currently Al-Qadi provides independent human rights expertise and is an established commentator on Middle East political and rights affairs. He publishes frequently in pan Arab newspapers and online news websites and appears on regular basis on Arab regional TV networks.

Annie Game (IFEX)

Annie Game is the Executive Director of IFEX, a global network of over 119 media and civil liberties organizations that defends and promotes freedom of expression as a fundamental human right. IFEX exposes threats to online free expression, focuses on bringing to justice those who harm or kill journalists, and advocates for the rights of media workers, women and LGTB journalists, citizen journalists, and activists. For over 10 years Annie has supported IFEX’s efforts to free imprisoned journalists, defend online activists targeted by repressive regimes, provide tools for organizing successful campaigns advocating for free expression, and expose legislation aimed at quelling free speech. Annie has been activist throughout her career in the NGO sector, focusing on free expression, development, and human rights with groups such as IFEX, War Child, Jeunesse Canada Monde, and Save the Children - Canada, as well as in cooperation with many international NGO's in Asia, Africa, Latin America, Europe and North America.

Antoine Madelin (FIDH)

Antoine Madelin is the Director for international advocacy of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), a human rights NGO representing 182 human rights organisations in 114 countries. A graduate in Human Rights and in European Political Studies, Antoine Madelin first worked for the French Prime Minister's office and with the Secretary of State for European Affairs. He then joined the International Federation for Human Rights, where he has been working for the past 16 years, acting successively as Permanent Representative to the United Nations in Geneva, and subsequently as Permanent representative to the European Union in Brussels. He now coordinates FIDH's advocacy work to the United Nations in Geneva and New York, and to the European Union institutions, and towards other leverages of change. He also works to define the orientations and positions of his organization on the contemporary challenges of human rights violations, as well as the development and financing of his organization.

Ariel Plotkin

Ariel Plotkin is a Human Rights Researcher and Activist, formerly the Bahrain Researcher at Amnesty International. She has been working in roles related to human rights in the Middle East for 6 years, focusing on Bahrain for over 4 of them. During her time at Amnesty International, Ariel authored two hard-hitting reports on Bahrain's dire human rights situation, bringing much needed media attention to the country, and advocated tirelessly for the release of human rights defenders, including Nabeel Rajab, and other prisoners of conscience as well as for accountability for past abuses.

Joe Stork (former Human Rights Watch and GCHR Advisory Board)

Joe Stork is a general expert on human rights issues in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region who was deputy director of Human Rights Watch's MENA division until 2017. Before joining Human Rights Watch in 1996, Stork co-founded the Middle East Research & Information Project (MERIP) and served as chief editor of Middle East Report, its bimonthly magazine. Author of numerous books and widely published articles on the Middle East, he has lectured widely at universities and public forums around the world. Stork served as a Peace Corps volunteer in Turkey and holds an M.A. in International Affairs/Middle East Studies from Columbia University. He is a member of the Advisory Boards of the Gulf Centre for Human Rights (GCHR) and the Bahrain Center for Human.

Mandeep Tiwana (CIVICUS)

Mandeep Tiwana is the chief programmes officer at CIVICUS, the global civil society alliance. He specialises in legislation relating to the core civil society freedoms of expression, association and peaceful assembly. Since joining CIVICUS in 2008, Mandeep has been engaged in advocacy to protect and expand civil society space globally. He has written extensively on this subject. Previously, Mandeep advised the New Delhi Delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross. He has also worked with the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, and has published a compilation of landmark Indian Supreme Court decisions and National Human Rights Commission guidelines on human rights and policing and has co-authored modules on human rights for the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association and a citizen's handbook explaining the mandate and practical functioning of human rights commissions in India. Mandeep has also drafted two annual reports for the Punjab State Human Rights Commission and has worked on projects related to good governance and women's empowerment in India. He holds an LL.M in Law in Development from Warwick University, U.K. and completed his LL.B and B.A degrees at Panjab University, India.