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Global Food Prices Volatility: Heat, War, and Trade Protections Raise Uncertainty

News about Food prices inflation is a trending topic on United States Friday, August 11, 2023.

Analysts warn of increased global food price volatility, New York Times reports. Although food price inflation is decreasing in the United States and Europe, the impact of temperature, conflict, and trade restrictions is causing uncertainty in food prices worldwide. The reasons for the abrupt increase in food prices are multifaceted and go beyond the public health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The global supply chain has encountered unprecedented chokepoints and delays resulting in issues that have affected almost every aspect of our lives, including the food we consume.

The prices of food have risen to their highest level since 2011, as reported by a U.N. index. Rising food prices have had uneven effects globally. Asia has been less affected due to an abundant supply of rice. In contrast, regions like Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America, which rely more on imported food, are encountering difficulties. During the COVID-19 pandemic, food prices have surged rapidly, and the causal factors are multifaceted and extend beyond the viral outbreak.

The impact of soaring food prices has been particularly severe in impoverished nations, where food expenses make up a higher proportion of household budgets. For instance, as of the end of 2021, Americans spent an average of 12% of their income on food. However, for individuals earning lower wages, this percentage was closer to 36%. Regrettably, food banks are not immune to external economic pressures. Additionally, inflation affects donors as well, leading to decreased donations to food banks. Moreover, the funds received by food banks purchase lesser food as food prices increase and the expenses related to distribution, storage and other operations also rise.

Although it seems that food prices are going to stabilize, unforeseen events like a conflict in Ukraine, which is a major producer of wheat and corn, or adverse weather conditions could alter this prediction.

The effects of increasing food prices pose a triple threat to food and nutrition security as they impact the availability, accessibility, and utilization of food. Should the rising rate of food prices outpace increases in wages, it could result in food insecurity, which is a condition characterized by unreliable access to affordable food.