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Understanding the Prime Minister of Myanmar and the National Unity Government

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Myanmar, also known as Burma, has endured a complicated political history marked by numerous military coups and the ebb and flow of democratic governments. At present, the State Administration Council, a military junta that overthrew the government in a coup on February 1, 2021, governs the country. This article delves into the role of the Prime Minister of Myanmar, the historical backdrop of the office, and the current situation in relation to the National Unity Government.

The Role of the Prime Minister of Myanmar

There is no provision for a prime minister in the 2008 Constitution of Myanmar, with the president being the constitutional head of government. However, previous military governments, as recently as 2011, have employed the position. Currently, Min Aung Hlaing holds the post of prime minister, in addition to being the leader of the junta and the commander-in-chief of defense services. His appointment by the State Administration Council occurred on August 1, 2021, following the coup.

History of the Office

The office of the Myanmar Prime Minister has had a lengthy and intricate history. According to sources, U Nu was the first to hold the office from 1948 to 1956. Since then, various prime ministers have held the office, including military leaders who came to power through coups. Prior to the 2021 coup, Aung San Suu Kyi served as the most recent prime minister from 2016 to 2021. She was removed from office by the military junta and is currently under house arrest.

The National Unity Government

In response to the coup on April 16, 2021, the National Unity Government (NUG) was formed as an alternative to the military junta. The NUG, a Cabinet of Myanmar in exile, appointed members in accordance with the Federal Democracy Charter. The NUG immediately sought international recognition as the legitimate government of Myanmar and garnered significant support from the people. Nonetheless, the military junta remains in control of the nation, and the situation remains tense.


The political situation in Myanmar is intricate and perpetually evolving. The office of Prime Minister is currently held by a military leader who seized power in a coup. The position has seen a history of military coups and democratic governments. The National Unity Government was established as an alternative administration to the military junta, however, its members are in exile, maintaining tension. As Myanmar remains under global surveillance, it is evident that the country necessitates stability and democracy.